Kitab Al-Kasb (Part 19): Agriculture is Not At All Reprehensible

Some jurisprudents say that agriculture is reprehensible due to what has been narrated that the Prophet saw something of the implements of ploughing in the house of a people, and he said, "None of these enters a people's house except that they become debased" [Narrated by al-Bukhari]. The Prophet was asked about the statement of Allah, "If you obeyed those who scoff, they would turn you back on your heels' [Al-Quran, surah Ali Imran verse, 149]; 'Is it about al-ta'arrub?' He said, 'No, but it is agriculture (al-zira'ah).'" [Hadith linked to Ali, narrated by Ibn Abi Hatim]. Al-ta'arrub is dwelling in the desert and abandoning emigration (a reference to the life of the Bedouin)....

Kitab Al-Kasb (Part 17): Permissibility of Lowly Earnings.

Some of the ascetics said, "It is not allowed to undertake earnings that are considered to be lowly in the custom of the people except when in dire circumstance, due to the statement of the Prophet, blessing and peace be on him, "It is not for the believer to demean himself." [Narrated bt al-Tirmidhi, ibn Majah and Ahmad]. The Prophet also says, "Verily, Allah likes noble things and He dislikes inferior things." [Narrated by al-Khara'iti in Makarim al-Akhlaq, Al-Tabarani, al-Hakim and al-Bayhaqi]. The inferior is that which demeans a person due to its baseness....

Kitab Al-Kasb (Part 16): In Earning There is the Meaning of Cooperation in Acts of Devotion.

Imam Muhammad (Al-Shaybani) explains that in earning there is the meaning of cooperation on acts of devotion and obedience (which is helping one another toward piety and devotion to Allah), regardless of the nature of the earning. He says to the extent that in the work of the rope-maker, the maker if jugs and earthen jars, and the work of the weavers, there is cooperation on acts of devotion and obedience to Allah, for it is not possible to perform the prayer except by first performing the ritual of purification, and this requires a jug with which to pour water, a leather bucket and rope with which to draw water (from the well), and requires the covering of (one's) nakedness for performing the prayer which is only made possible by the work of the weavers....

Kitab Al-Kasb (Part 14): The Ranks of Earning and Their Legal Rulings.

Earning is of several ranks. The first is the level of earning which is indispensable for everyone. This means that earning by which a person can lawfully strengthen his spine in individually incumbent on everyone, for the discharge of the obligatory duties cannot be attained except by it; and that by which the discharge of the obligatory duties is attained is in itself obligatory. If he thereafter does not strive to earn more than what is necessary, he is at liberty in respect thereof, because of the statement of the Prophet, "Whoever enters upon the morning in peace over his flock and healthy in his body, having food for his day, it is as though the entire world has fallen into his possession" [Narrated by al-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah and al-Bukhari in al-Adab al-Mufrad]....

Kitab Al-Kasb (Part 12): Is the State of Indigence Better or the State of Affluence?

This question (refer Part 11) is based on another question over which (resolution) there is disagreement among the scholars, and this (other question) is that whether the state of indigence is superior or the state of affluence? Our legal position is that the state of indigence is superior, while some of the other scholars say that the state of affluence is superior.

Kitab Al-Kasb (Part 11): Is Occupation with Earning Better or Devotion to Worship?

Thereafter another question is built upon this question (of earning), and this is that after earning what is necessary for oneself, is further occupation with earning better or devotion to worship? Some jurisprudence says, "Occupation with earning better," whereas most of our teachers are of the view that devotion to worship is better.

Kitab Al-Kasb (Part 10): Proof for the Obligatoriness of Earning up to the Indispensable Amount and Rebuttal of the Obfuscations of the Karramites in Denying It.

Our argument for this is Allah Most High's statement, "O you who have believed, spend from the good things which you have earned and from that which We have produced for you from the earth." [Al-Quran, surah al-Baqarah, verse 267]. and the command is in reality in the nature of an obligation, for giving out of what is earned cannot be conceived except after earning, and whatever which is indispensable for the discharge of an obligation is itself an obligation.