The Legal Status and Virtue of Earning a Livelihood (Kitab Al-Kasb Part. 2)

Thereupon Prophet Muhammad commences his book with his statement, “The seeking of livelihood is obligatory on every Muslim, just as the seeking of knowledge is obligatory.” This phrasing is narrated by Ibn Mas’ud, from the Messenger of Allah, who said, “The seeking of livelihood is obligatory on every Muslim.” In other narration, he said, “The seeking of livelihood after the prescribed prayers is the obligation after the obligation” [Narrated by al-Tabarani in Mu’jam al-Kabir and by al-Bayhaqi in al-Sunan al-Kubra]. And he also said, “The seeking of the lawful is like the battling of the warriors, and whosoever retires in the evening in weariness out of seeking the lawful retires in it as a person who is forgiven” [Sources: Al-Suyuti in al-Jami’ al-Kabir].

The Linguistic Meaning of ‘Earning’ (Kitab Al-Kasb No. 1)

‘Earning’ in the convention of the lexicologists is the obtaining of wealth by (legally) permissible means, but the word, in fact, is used to refer to (obtaining wealth) by both permissible and impermissible means (Abu Ghuddah, p. 70). Allah has made it obligatory for the servants to work to earn their livelihood so that they can thereby be assisted to render obedience to Allah, for Allah has said in the Quran...