The month of Dhul Hijjah (Zulhijjah) is among the greatest and special months in the Sight of Allah. It is from among the four sacred (haraam) months in Islam, as mentioned by Allah in verse 36 of surah at-Tawbah (which means):
“Indeed, the number of months with Allah is twelve [lunar] months in the register of Allah [from] the day He created the heavens and the earth; of these, four are sacred…” [Al-Quran, surah at-Tawbah, verse 36]
The four sacred months referred to in the verse are as explained by the Prophet in the hadith of Abu Bakrah (which means):
“The division of time has turned to its original form which was current when Allah created the Heavens and the Earths. The year is of twelve months, out of which four months are sacred: Three are in succession Dhul Qa’idah, Dhul Hijjah and Muharram, and (the fourth is) Rajab of (the tribe of) Mudar which comes between Jumada ath-Thaaniyah and Sha’baan.” (Narrated by al-Bukhari)
The glory and honor of the month of Dhul Hijjah can be seen with the legislation of the ibadah of Hajj and ibadah of qurbaani; with the increasing of dhikr, takbeer, and tahmeed, as well as other righteous deeds. Ibn ‘Abbaas narrated (which means): “The Prophet said: ‘There are no days during which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allah than these days [meaning the first ten days of Dhul- Hijjah].'” (Narrated by al-Bukhari)
Ibn ‘Umar also narrated that the Prophet said (which means):
“There are no days that are greater before Allah in which good deeds are more beloved to Him than these ten days, so recite a great deal of tahleel, takbeer, and tahmeed during them.” (Ahmad)
Hence, among the righteous deeds recommended to be practiced in this month is to increase our fasting especially on the Day of ‘Arafah. Verily, the virtue of fasting specifically on the Day of ‘Arafah is based on the narration of Abu Qatadah, where Rasulullah said(which means):
“Fast the Day of ‘Arafah, I hope from Allah, expiates for the sins of the year before and the year after.” (Narrated by Muslim)
Dhul Hijjah invites us to continue in taqarrub (attaining nearness) to Allah by increasing our sadaqah (charity), dhikr, tahleel, istighfar, and tawbah to Allah, in addition to leaving out all disobedience and sinful acts. Aside from that supererogatory ‘ibadah, the Muslim ummah is highly recommended to engage in takbeer beginning after the Subh prayer on the 9th of Dhul Hijjah until the sun sets on the 13th of Dhul Hijjah. In the hadith of ‘Ali and ‘Amar: They said (which means):
“The Messenger of Allah used to make the takbeer from the Fajr prayer of the Day of ‘Arafah and would stop them after the ‘Asr prayer of the final day of the Days of Tashreeq [13th of Dhul Hijjah].” (Narrated by al-Haakim)
This takbeer must be done as jahr (audible) in extolling the shi’aar (symbols) of the Muslims. The time for Takbeer Muqayyad (specific) on the day of ‘Eid al-Adha begins from the time of Subh on the Day of ‘Arafah until the sun sets on the third day of the Days of Tashreeq. Meaning, when the time of Subh of 9th Dhul Hijjah enters, the sunnah is for those not performing hajj to make takbeer after completing every fard and sunnah prayer, up until the time of ‘Asr on the 13th of Dhul Hijjah, totaling the period for takbeer to five days and four nights
To end this, let us give undivided attention to the following matters:
- The Muslim Ummah must have certainty that glorifying the great days of Islam including the month of Dhul Hijjah is from among the signs of imaan and taqwa of Allah.
- The Muslim ummah is highly encouraged to embrace the arrival of Dhul Hijjah with various righteous deeds such as praying in jama’ah at the masjid, increasing the recitation of al-Qur’an, strengthen the silaaturrahm, avoiding fitnah and tattletale.
- The Muslim Ummah must always remain dedicated to performing righteous deeds with full sincerity towards Allah.
And Allah knows best.
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