Every Wednesday, I will share a part of the translation of the book Kitab Al-Kasb (the book of Earning a Livelihood) written by Muhammad Ibn Al-Hasan Al-Shaybani.
Part 44: The Believer is Rewarded for Providing for Himself, and for His Family and Others
Imam Muhammad Ibn Al-Hasan Al-Shaybani says, “Whenever eating becomes obligatory on a person, he will be rewarded for eating, for he is thereby complying with the command, and he is facilitated by it to the discharging of the obligatory devotions such as fasting and prayer; and so eating is on par with proceeding to the performance of the Friday congregational prayer, and with purification for the performance of the prayer.”
The basis of this is the statement of the Prophet, “The believer is rewarded in everything, even in a morsel which he puts into his mouth” [Narrated by al-Mundhiri, Ahmad, al-Bukhari and al-Tabarani]. In another hadith, the Prophet says, “The believer is rewarded in everything, even in sleeping with his wife, and it was said (to him), ‘He is satisfying his desire, (so) is he rewarded for that?’ He said, ‘Do you think that if he was to place it in what is not permitted, he would not be punished for that?'” [Narrated by Muslim and Abu Dawud].
We infer a similar ruling here, and so we say, “If he forsakes eating in a situation in which it is obligatory on him, then he is punished for it; and when he eats, he is rewarded.” The Prophet says, “The best dinar of a person is a dinar which he spends on his family” [Narrated by Muslim, al-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah]. Hence, when a person is rewarded for what he spends on others, then more so for what he spends on himself.
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