General Islamic Topic

What are The Evidences of The Sanctioning of ‘Eid Prayer?

What are the evidences of the sanctioning of ‘Eid prayer?

Two ‘Eid prayers are sanctioned on the second year of Hijrah. The first ‘Eid prayer was performed by the Prophet on that particular year. Meanwhile, the evidences of the sanctioning of ‘Eid prayer are through the verse (which means):

“So pray to your Lord and sacrifice [to Him alone].” [Al-Quran, surah Al-Kauthar, verse 2]

The jurists state that the word ‘pray’ here means ‘Eid prayer. This is in accordance with a hadith narrated by Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (which means):

“The Prophet (ﷺ) used to proceed to the Musalla on the days of Id-ul-Fitr and Id-ul-Adha; the first thing to begin with was the prayer and after that he would stand in front of the people and the people would keep sitting in their rows. Then he would preach to them, advise them and give them orders, (i.e. Khutba). And after that if he wished to send an army for an expedition, he would do so; or if he wanted to give and order, he would do so, and then depart.” [Narrated by Sahih al-Bukhari (no. 956) and Muslim (no. 889)]

Musalla is a wide place like fields and etc. Majority of the scholars said that it is Sunnah to perform ‘Eid prayers at musalla (a wide place like fields).

Imam al-Nawawi said: “This hadith is an evidence of the ruling of Sunnah for ‘Eid prayers to be performed on wide land, and in fact is better than performing them in the masjid (mosque).”

Such is said by Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani. However, according to mazhab al-Syafi’e, it is permissible to perform ‘Eid prayers at the masjid as being practiced these days.

Mikhnaf bin Sulaim (a companion of the Prophet) said: “Step away on the day of ‘Eidul Fitri like those performing Umrah. Step away on the day of ‘Eidul Adha like those who perform Hajj.”

May Allah grant us a true understanding of religion. Amin.


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