This post will bring forth a few Islamic scholars’ views regarding the verse of a thousand dinars in Surah Al-Talaq verses 2-3. Allah states (which means):
“And whoever fears Allah – He will make for him a way out. And will provide for him from where he does not expect. And whoever relies upon Allah – then He is sufficient for him. Indeed, Allah will accomplish His purpose. Allah has already set for everything a [decreed] extent.” [Al-Quran, Surah Surah al-Talaq, verse 2-3]
In general, according to a scholar in Quranic commentary, Imam Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Ibrahim As-Tha’labi, he states that this surah has Madani verses, 61 letters and 247 words in 12 verses. (See al-Kasyf wa al-Bayan’an Tafsir al-Quran, 9/331)
He also said in his book of the benefits of reciting this surah, from Abi Kaab, he said the Prophet said (which means):
“Whoever recites the surah يا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ إِذا طَلَّقْتُمُ النِّساء then that person dies, then he dies following the sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad.” [See Majma’ Al-Bayan, 10/36]
This narration is from the book al-Amali al-Khamisiyah by al-Syajari. Among the narrators includes Yusuf bin ‘Atiyyah al-Soffar which is known to be a deceiver in hadith. Furthermore, some scholars say that this narration is very weak because one of the narrators is Sulaim al-Tamami as stated in the book al-Wasit fi Tafsir al-Quran al-Majid.
Main Views of Islamic Scholars Regarding This Verse
This verse in the surah is well known by the public in Malaysia as the verse of a thousand dinars. First, we would like to explain the scholars’ views regarding this verse:
According to Imam Al-Tabari, in his book Tafsir Al-Tabari (23/43-47), he states, from Masruq bin Abdillah (which means):
(Allah states): “Whoever fears Allah then Allah will make a way out for him,”, which means that the way that Allah knows and if He wants He will give or prevent it, and Allah states that He would provide by means that is unexpected: which means from which is unknown.
From Ibnu Abbas (which means):
(Allah states): “Whoever fears Allah then Allah will make a way out for him,” which means safe from any distress or agony here and in the hereafter.
From Rabi’ bin Haitham (which means):
(Allah states): “Whoever fears Allah then Allah will make a way out for him,” which means out from anything that limits or restricting to humans.
From Ikrimah (which means):
(Allah states): “Whoever fears Allah then Allah will make a way out for him,” which means whoever divorces his wife, Allah has make way for him to reconcile with her in the duration of her iddah or by marrying her again with new mahar if her iddah has ended (this is for wives that has been divorced with one and two times of talak)
From al-Suddi (which means):
In commenting (Allah’s statement): “Whoever fears Allah then Allah will make a way out for him,”, means whoever divorces his wife according to the Islamic teachings then must reconcile with his wife according to Islamic teachings.
The circumstances for the revelation of this verse is as follows:
One of the companions of the Prophet named Auf bin Al-Asyjai’ has a son and his son is captured by the musyrikin. He then went to meet the Prophet to complain about what has happened and his wishes for his son to come back safely to him. The Prophet asks him to be patient and surely Allah will make a way out for him and his son. Not long after that, his son escaped his captors taking with him a few of their goats with valuables on the goats and the son gave them to his father. And so, the verse is revealed afterward.
From Qatadah (which means):
“Allah’s statement of making a way out for him: means a way out from anything that is syubhat (doubted or unclear) and the agony at the verge of death. And Allah states that He would provide from the unexpected which means blessings or gifts that he didn’t even expected or hoped.”
In Allah’s statement, it means that Allah made talak, iddah and other things each with its own duration (an expiration date).
These are some explanations from Quranic commenters scholars’ opinion regarding the verse.
According to Imam Fakhruddin Ar-Razi in his book Tafsir Ar-Razi (30/562):
From al-Kalbi, he said (which means):
“If a disaster falls on any one of us and he is patient throughout the test, surely Allah will make a way out for him from hell to heaven, and the Prophet recite the verse. Which means a way out from syubhat in this world, the agony at the verge of death and the sufferings in the hereafter.”
Most Islamic scholars said that this verse is revealed after a companion of the Prophet named Auf bin Malik Asyjai’ came to meet the Prophet telling the Prophet about his son that has been captured by enemies. The Prophet advised him to be patient for the disaster that has fallen on him and to recite لَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا باللَّه as many times as possible. After he went home, he did as the Prophet has advised him immediately. When he went back home his son came back safely to him along with camels. The author of Kitab Al-Kasyaf wrote that while he was at his house his son knocked on his door and brought along 100 camels with him. His son has managed to escape from his son’s captors and brought back camels and other valuables.
According to Imam Al-Qurtubi’s commentary in Jami’ Li Ahkam Al-Quran (18/160-162):
From the Prophet Muhammad (which means):
When asked about when a man has divorced his wife with three times talak or a thousand, is there a way out for him? Then the Prophet recited this verse.
From Ibnu Abbas, al-Sya’bi and al-Dahhak, they said (which means):
This verse is specific for whoever that divorced his wife, then he can reconcile with his wife during her iddah.
From Hussain bin Fadhl, he said (which means):
Whoever fears Allah and fulfill his obligations, then Allah will make a way out for him from hellfire and provide and reward him from which he didn’t expect and blessed him.
From Sahl bin Abdillah, he said (which means):
Whoever that fears Allah and follow the teachings of the Prophet, Allah will make a way out for him from the repercussions of the people of bid’ah (heretical doctrine).
From Umar bin Usman As-Sodafi, he said (which means):
Whoever that fears Allah and obeying all of Allah’s commandments and leave everything that is prohibited, then Allah will prevent him from sins, remove him from what is prohibited to permissible from difficulty to contentment and from hell to paradise. And Allah will also provide him from things that he doesn’t expect.
Sufyan Ibn ‘Uyainah said (which means):
It is in the form of sufficient sustenance
Ibnu Mas’ud and Al-Masruq commented about this verse in general. Abu Dzar said that the Prophet said (which means):
“Indeed, I have taught you a verse that if you recite it, it will make sufficient for them, then the Prophet recite وَمَنْ يَتَّقِ اللَّهَ يَجْعَلْ لَهُ مَخْرَجاً. وَيَرْزُقْهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا يَحْتَسِب thus, I make it as my routine and always recite this verse everyday (Abu Dzar).”
Most Quranic commenter scholars as mentioned by Imam At-Thalabi said that this verse is revealed to one of Prophet Muhammad’s companion named Auf bin Malik Ashjai’. Narrated by Ibnu Abbas, he had come to the Prophet and tell the Prophet that his son has been captured by enemies. He said, “O Messenger of Allah, my son has been captured by enemies and his mother is very sad.” In another narration, by Jabir bin Abdillah this verse is revealed to Auf bin Malik Ashjai’ when his son, Salim was captured by the musyrikin. He then went to meet the Prophet to seek advice about it. He said, “My son has been captured and his mother is very sad. What am I supposed to do about it?” The Prophet replied, “Fear Allah and have patience. I command you and your wife to recite لَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا باللَّه as many time as possible.”. He then went home and told his wife what the Prophet had asked them to do. His wife said, “That is the best thing that he could have asked us to do,”. And they both did as they are advised. Not long after that, his son came back home after managing to escape the musyrikin with 4000 of the musyrikin’s goats with him. Then this verse is revealed, and the Prophet give permission for them to keep all the goats that his son has taken from the musyrikin.
Another narration states they were camels and valuables that his son gave to him since they are poor. Al-Kalbi said they were 50 camels.
Another narration states his son escapes from his captors riding their camel and along the way he brought all the camels with him and give his father everything.
Imam Al Muqatil said that his son escaped with goats and other valuables and give everything to his father. His father then asked the Prophet whether it was permitted to be eaten. The Prophet answered yes, it is permitted, and the verse is revealed.
After analyzing a few of the Islamic scholar commentaries regarding this verse, we found that:
- Every verse of the Quran has its own benefits and advantages. The concept of fearing Allah and reliance on Allah is ingrained in this verse and should be implemented in our daily lives.
- Reciting this verse is not just for the sake of getting the rewards of a thousand dinars, but it must be accompanied with other worships, which are fearing of Allah and reliance to Allah. Allah would bless us with more than a thousand dinars if we practice it with taqwa, as stated by Allah (which means):
“And Allah multiplies [His reward] for whom He wills. And Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing.” [Al-Quran, surah al-Baqarah, verse 261]
This post is taken with slightly changes from http://muftiwp.gov.my
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