Every Wednesday, I will share a part of the translation of the book Kitab Al-Kasb (the book of Earning a Livelihood) written by Muhammad Ibn Al-Hasan Al-Shaybani.
Part 34: Warning Against Abstaining from Eating, Drinking and Taking Shelter.
“Whoever abstains from eating and drinking and taking shelter until he dies, has made entering the fire incumbent on him, for he has killed himself on purpose, it is as if he has killed himself with a piece of iron.” The prophet has said, “Whoever kills himself with a piece of iron, then it is that piece of iron in his hand with which he will stab himself in the fire of hell.” [Narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim].
There are two ways to interpret the above-mentioned words which Imam Muhammad Ibn Al-Hasan Al-Shaybani said. One of which is that he mentioned those words in the manner of giving a warning while rendering implicit in his statement the sound meaning, which is that he meant the entering which is the expiation of an oath. Allah says, “There is not one of you but will come to that point of hell; it is a determined necessity for Allah” [Al-Quran, surah Maryam, verse 71]. What is meant (by “coming to that point”) is “will enter it,” according to the People of the Sunnah and the Community.
Two, that the meaning is to explain about the requital of his deed, that is, that the requital of his deed is entering the fire, but that is by the will of Allah; if He wills He forgives him out of His bounty, and if He wills He enters him into the fire out of His justice. This is comparable to what is said in the explanation of the statement of Allah, Then his reward is hell, wherein he will remain” [Al-Quran, surah Al-Nisa’, verse 93]. This will be his reward of Allah so rewards him for it, however, He is Most Forgiving, Most Generous, showing His graciousness through forgiveness, and so He does not make abiding in the fire of hell anyone of the believers.