Every Wednesday, I will share a part of the translation of the book Kitab Al-Kasb (the book of Earning a Livelihood) written by Muhammad Ibn Al-Hasan Al-Shaybani.
Part 31: The Problems of Provisioning: Eating and Drinking. (This Part is following sections pertaining to food and eating in Part 34, 35, 36, 39, 40 and 41).
Imam Muhammad Ibn Al-Hasan Al-Shaybani says, “If they abandon eating and drinking, then they have disobeyed, for in so doing there is destruction.”
This means that since the self does not normally endure without eating and drinking, the one who refrains from doing so is killing his own self, whereas Allah says. “And do not kill yourselves” [Al-Quran, Al-Nisa’, verse 29]. Such a person is exposing his self to destruction, whereas Allah says, “And do not invest in ruin by your own hands” [Al-Quran, Surah al-Baqarah, verse 195].
After partaking of an amount of that by which he keeps his body and soul together, it is recommended to partake of an amount by which he is fortified to render obedience, for if he does not partake he will weaken, and may be incapable of rendering obedience. The Prophet says, “The strong believer is dearer to Allah than the weak believer and in both, there is good” [Narrated by Muslim and Ibn Majah].
Indeed, the earning of that by which a person is fortified to render obedience is itself obedience, and this earning is recommended in order to bring about obedience; and Abu Dzar has pointed to this fact when he asked about the superior works, and he said, “Prayer and eating bread.”
Imam Muhammad Ibn Al-Hasan Al-Shaybani says, “It has been transmitted from Masruq and from other than him, that one who is hard pressed (emergency situation) but yet refuses to eat and then dies, will enter the fire [As reported in Al-Suyuti’s al-Durr al-Manthur].
The meaning here refers to partaking of carrion, for in times of emergency prohibition is lifted, and it is rendered permissible. When the ruling regarding carrion is his though it is prohibited in other than an emergency situation, what do you suppose to be the ruling with regard to permissible food?