Every Wednesday, I will share a part of the translation of the book Kitab Al-Kasb (the book of Earning a Livelihood) written by Muhammad Ibn Al-Hasan Al-Shaybani.
Part 30: Wisdom in Allah’s Ordaining the Livelihoods of Servants through Apparent Causes.
Each of the farmer and weaver, in what they render of work, is assisting the other in something of devotion and obedience, for rendering devotion is attained by this (cooperation arising out of each one’s respective work), and it is included in the (meaning of the) statement of Allah, “And help each other to kindness and conscience” [Al-Quran, Surah al-Ma’idah, verse 2]. And the Prophet says, “Verily Allah is at the assistance of the servant as long as the servant is at the assistance of his Mulsim brother” [Narrated by Muslim, Abu Dawud, al-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah].
It is the same whether he renders that work for compensation he has stipulated or without compensation, for if his objective was what we have explained, then there is in his work the meaning of obedience, because of the statement of the Prophet, “Verily, actions are by intentions, and for every person is only what he has intended” [Narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim].
If a worker intends by his work the capacity to render obedience or to enable his brother to do so, he will be rewarded for his work in accordance with his intention; (and his work is then) on par with that of the married couple when they intend by their deed the seeking of children and the proliferation of the servants of Allah and the community of the Messenger. For them both is the reward for their endeavor, even though that deed was originally for the fulfillment of their desire; but by virtue of the intention, it comes to have the significance of devotion in essence, while the objective of realizing the desire becomes (only) secondary; and this is the exemplar.