Every Wednesday, I will share a part of the translation of the book Kitab Al-Kasb (the book of Earning a Livelihood) written by Muhammad Ibn Al-Hasan Al-Shaybani.
Part 29: Wisdom in Allah’s Ordaining the Livelihoods of Servants through Apparent Causes.
Imam Muhammad Ibn Al-Hasan Al-Shaybani says, “And He has ordained for them livelihoods through causes in which there is profound wisdom.”
This means that nobody is capable of learning about all that he needs in his lifetime, and even if he was to apply himself to that task he would exhaust his lifetime before learning (about them all); and what he has not learned he cannot obtain for himself, whereas the wellbeing of their livelihood is conditioned on this learning. Therefore Allah has facilitated for each one of them the learning of a kind of all that which they need to learn, so that they can attain to what they need of that kind by having knowledge of it, and so that others may also attain to what they need of that by having knowledge of it also.
The Messenger of Allah has indicated this in his statement, “Believers are as a building, parts of which support the other.” [Narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim].
The elucidation of this is in the statement of Allah, “And We have elevated some of them to ranks over others, that some may employ others as workers. But the mercy of your Lord is better than what they amass” [Al-Quran, Surah, al-Zukhruf, verse 32]. This means that the poor are in need of the wealth of the rich, and the rich are in need of the work of the poor; and here likewise, the farmer is in need of the work of the weaver that he may obtain clothing for himself, while the weaver is in need of the work of the farmer in order to obtain food and cotton, from which comes clothing for himself.