From today onwards, on every Wednesday, I will share a part of the translation of the book Kitab Al-Kasb (the book of Earning a Livelihood) written by Muhammad Ibn Al-Hasan Al-Shaybani..
Part 1: The Linguistic Meaning of ‘Earning’
‘Earning’ in the convention of the lexicologists is the obtaining of wealth by (legally) permissible means, but the word, in fact, is used to refer to (obtaining wealth) by both permissible and impermissible means (Abu Ghuddah, p. 70)
Allah has made it obligatory for the servants to work to earn their livelihood so that they can thereby be assisted to render obedience to Allah, for Allah has said in the Quran (meaning):
“And when the prayer has been concluded, disperse within the land and seek from the bounty of Allah, and remember Allah often that you may succeed.” [Al-Quran, Al-Jumu’ah (62): 10]
Thus, He has rendered earning a livelihood a means to worship. And Allah has (also) said (meaning):
“O you who have believed, spend from the good things which you have earned…” [Al-Quran, Al-Baqarah (2): 267]
And He, Most Exalted, Most Glorious, has said (meaning), “And whatever strikes you of disaster – it is for what your hands have earned, but He pardons much.” [Al-Quran, Ash-Shuraa (42): 30] – That is, because of your wrongdoing against your own selves; and so Allah has termed as “earning” a person’s wrongdoing against his own self.
And He, Most Exalted, Most Glorious, has said in the verse concerning stealing, “as a deterrent [punishment] from Allah. And Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise.” [Al-Quran, Al-Ma’idah(5): 38] – That is, (as a reward) for what they have pursued of the prohibited.
Therefore, we know that the word is used to refer to either good and bad earnings (or deeds), but when it is used without qualification it is understood to refer to the acquisition of wealth (by working).
**Visit this link for other parts of Kitab al-Kasb: https://muhsinnorpaizin.com/tag/kitab-al-kasb/