On 24th July 2018, I had attended one public lecture held in IAIS Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur. The lecture was presented by Shaykh Dr Muhammad bin Yahya Al-Husayni Al-Ninowy. I feel enlightened about the particular topic which is about ‘Khalifah’, and I will like to share some of the knowledge I get.
In this lecture, Shaykh explained that the term Khalifa need to be understood in the right way. We should understand the term Khalifa as ‘a successor’, which mean as a maintainer to up keeping the earth, and should not blindly think Khalifa as ‘a successor of Allah’. Misunderstood of the term Khalifa as ‘a successor of Allah’ will expose it to abuse. This seems true when Shaykh said that the term Khalifa is quite a problematic. And it had been abused a lot throughout history. And it abused usually came from misapplication or misunderstanding of the term khalifah. I do understand that the term ‘a successor of Allah’ comes from the word ‘Khalifatullah’. From my humble understanding, the word Khalifatullah can be explained with reference directly to Allah.
The first person who noticed it will be abuse is Abu Bakar As-Sidiq. In one narration, which by Waqee who heard Nafi’ Omer and he told to Ibn Abi Malikat that someone addressed Abu Bakar: “Oh Khalifatullah!” Abu Bakar stopped him and said that it was not sound right and was not the Khalifatullah, but just a deputy of Rasulullah and with that, he feels satisfied being the deputy of the Holy Prophet.
Syeikh also explained that Khalifah is to maintain, not in charge of and do not give absolute authority. It is a title that been entrusted to upkeep and maintains earth. Syeikh said that the job of a Khalifah is not to always zikr (solely on ibadah), but has to be zikr, has to have ilm (knowledge), has to put the ilm into practical, and lastly, has to be able to correct a mistake (taubat). Ilm by means is having the knowledge to be Khalifah, and thus bring the knowledge into practices. In implementing some task, sometimes we must choose the less of the best and from that, a mistake will be made. A Khalifah should make a correction immediately.
In short of his background, Shaykh Dr Muhammad bin Yahya Al-Husayni Al-Ninowy was born and raised in Syria. Shaykh began his study under his father, Sayyed Yahya (Rahimahu Allah), and many of the senior scholars of Aleppo/Syria at the time, memorizing the Glorious Qur’an and acquiring knowledge in many of the Islamic disciplines, such as Tawheed, Hanafi/Shafi’i Fiqh, Usool, and Ihsaan. Besides attending the Faculty of Usuluddin at Al- Azhar University, Shaykh Muhammad delved further into the fields of Hadith and Tawhid under the tutelage of many of the foremost scholars in Syria, Hijaz, Morocco, Egypt, and elsewhere. Shaykh Muhammad is the founding director of “Planet Mercy” and Madina Institute & Seminary in the UK, South Africa, and Canada, and the USA. Shaykh Muhammad also holds a Bachelor’s Degree in Microbiology from the University of Illinois and a Doctor of Medicine degree.
The Program’s Poster: