Eid ul-Fitr often abbreviated to Eid (Hari Raya in Malaysia), is a day Muslim getaway that marks the conclusion of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting. Eid is an Arabic phrase which means “festivity”, whilst Fitr (Eid ul-Fitr) means “conclusion of the fast” and so the getaway celebrates the conclusion of the 29 or 30 days to dawn-to-sunset fasting for the duration. This religious Eid (Muslim religious festival) is the first and only day in the month of Shawwal during which Muslims are not permitted to fast. The day of Eid, therefore, falls on the first day of the month of Shawwal.
Eid ul-Fitr was originated by the Islamic prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). According to certain traditions, these festivals were initiated in Medina after the migration of Muhammad from Mecca (Makkah). Anas (a sahabah) reports:
“When the Prophet arrived in Madinah, he found people celebrating two specific days in which they used to entertain themselves with recreation and merriment. He asked them about the nature of these festivities at which they replied that these days were occasions of fun and recreation. At this, the Prophet (peace be upon him) remarked that the Almighty has fixed two days [of festivity] instead of these for you which are better than these: Eid ul-Fitr and Eid ul-Adha (Sacrifice Feast in the month of Dzul-Hijjah).” (narrated by Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Musnad, vol. 4, 141–142, (no. 13210)).
Sunnah Practice on Eid ul-Fitr
There are various good practices that can be done to celebrate Eid ul-Fitr in accordance with sunnah (teachings, sayings and deeds of Prophet Muhammad) which he has shown the best example of celebrating Eid ul-Fitr:
1. Beginning on the eve of the night which after the sunset (maghrib) is encouraged to recite Takbeer repeatedly:
2. On the morning of the Eid ul-Fitr, drink or eat early.
Anas Ibn Malik said: “The Messenger of Allah would not go out in the morning of Eid ul-Fitr until he ate some and he would eat the odd number”. (Narrated by Bukhari)
3. Bathing is encouraged in Eid ul-Fitr.
4. Go to the mosque or open ground which will be held Salah Eid ul-Fitr. Try to walk instead of riding a vehicle when you’re on your way to the mosque, if it’s within a walking distance and does not create any burden on you.
Reported by Sa’id Ibn Jubair, he said: “3 things that became sunnah on Eid ul-Fitr: walking (to prayer), bathing and eating before going out.”
5. Wear the best outfit that is based on your ability.
From Jabir, he said: “The Prophet, has the Jubbah that he will wear it on Eid ul-Fitr and Friday”.
6. Greet everyone. Say Salam and pray for one another. (That’s why it is recommended to walk and choose the nearest prayer place.)
7. Arriving at the mosque, before sitting down, perform first Salah Tahiyyatul-Masjid two rak’ahs. However, if in the field there is no Tahiyyatul-Masjid, just sit in and wait for Salah Eid ul-Fitr. According to the hadith, performing the Salah Eid ul-Fitr before the khutbah (sermon) is from the sunnah. However, unlike the Friday prayer, sitting and listening to the Eid ul-Fitr khutbah is optional, meaning you can leave if you want to after you’re done
8. While waiting for the Salah Eid ul-Fitr, perform takbeer;
9. After completing the Salah and listening to Khutbah, return to home using different route. (The purpose is to meet more people and be able to talk to different people)
According to Jabir that the Prophet saw changed his path on Eid ul-Fitr when he went back and forth from the place of the Salah, the Messenger of Allah always go and return through different paths. (Narrated by Bukhari)
That is some of the ways to celebrate Eid ul-Fitr according to Islam.